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Cardio respiratory case study
The identification of individuals who are at high risk of chronic heart failure (HF) is a medical art\r\nof growing concern. Cardiopulmonary exercise stress testing (CPX) has become an important\r\nclinical tool to predict outcome. The value of peak oxygen consumption rests in the fact that it\r\nintegrates elements of cardiac adaptations, and skeletal muscle, pulmonary, and endothelial\r\ndysfunctions more than other traditional prognostic indicators of chronic HF. Recently, exercise-\r\nrelated ventilatory abnormalities have gained attention, stimulating scientific debate and an\r\ninnovative perspective. This review, through a critical examination of previous experiences, will\r\nfocus on the prognostic application of CPX, defining a proficient outline of treatment for the\r\nindividual patient.
Use this assessment pre exercise to r/o any contraindiaction and optimise the goal planning
Drugs used in Cardiac care setting what they do and why they are used also alternatives
A number of myocardial infarctions are complicated further either in the immediate post-infarct period or at some later date. These complications are various in their genre, and severity and hence in the impact on they may have on the patient.\r\n\r\nHere we will examine some of the commoner complications of myocardial infarctions. The complications will be introduced according to whether they occur at the time of the infarct / soon after infarct or at a later stage.
Intensive care patients identify pain as one of the biggest stressors associated with intensive care. Many patients indicated that analgesia did not bring total relief (Pontillo 1990 in Adam and Osborne 1997). Decreasing pain is essential. Perceptions of pain by a patient can be altered according to factors such as environment, experience, culture, mood and pathology.